Day 3 Saturday 30th August 2014

Action, Psychoanalysis, Group Analysis and Mentalization Based Therapy



Presenter’s Biography

Plenary09.00-10.00  Attachment and the Central Role of Communication in Therapy. Professor Peter Fonagy, PhD, FBA, OBE, is Freud Memorial Professor of Psychoanalysis and Head of the Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology at University College London, and Chief Executive of the Anna Freud Centre, London. He is also Director of UCL Partners Mental Health and Wellbeing Programme and is the National Clinical Lead of Improving Access to Psychological Therapies for Children and Young People. He is a Senior Investigator for the National Institute of Health Research and a Visiting Professor at Harvard, USA. He has written more than 15 major books including: ‘Mentalization-Based Treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder: A Practical Guide’; ‘Mentalizing in Clinical Practice’; ‘Affect Regulation and the Development of Self’; and ‘What Works for Whom? : A critical review of psychotherapy research’.

10.00-10.30 Coffee and Tea

C1:Workshop10.45-12.45   How Can Internal Freedom Survive In Social Pathology? Using psychodramatic practice, we will consider how individuals or small groups can develop approaches that facilitate the defence of internal survival in the midst of social pathologies. We will work for the creation of a mental health oasis with the aim of creating change for the individual within society, in order to move towards wholeness. Luísa Branco Vicente is President of the Portuguese Society of Psychoanalytical Group Psychodrama.
C2:Workshop10.45-12.45  Empowering Psychodrama: Using Dialectical Action Techniques. ifferent cultures (Hindi, Chinese, Ancient Greek, Western) have given the term ‘dialectic’ the most diverse meaning with political, social-economic, religious and historical applications. One overall basic definition stresses that dialectical movements are crucial for the actualisation of grounded qualitative developments. In this workshop, it will be demonstrated how inter-and intra-personal developments can be activated through dialectically based psychodrama. The following central questions will be addressed:-     How can the concept of dialectics be defined within this specific psychodramatic context? This will be clarified by interactive theoretical-practical examples s from the seminal Phenomenological-Dialectical Personality Model.-     How to deal with inter-personal content using dialectically based action techniques.-     How to deal with intra-personal content, especially in intra-self-dimensional work, time, and internal vs external action.Topics 2 and 3 will be presented mainly through action. Moira Verhofstadt-Denève PhD is professor emeritus of theoretical and clinical developmental psychology in the Department of Developmental, Personality and Social Psychology at Ghent University, Belgium. She was a founder of the School of Experiential-Dialectical Psychodrama (Ghent), and was trained in clinical psychodrama by Dean and Doreen Elefthery. She is a Trainer Educator and Practitioner Psychodrama (TEP; Netherland-Belgian board), a Member of the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science and the Arts, a coordinator of and trainer at the Experiential-Dialectical postgraduate specialisation at the University of Antwerp. She is the author of several books including ‘Theory and Practice of Action and Drama Techniques (2000), and many (international) articles on Psychodrama from an Existential-Dialectical framework, and Developmental Psychology. She has been invited to deliver training(s) by Giovanni Boria, Grete Leutz, Jutta Füerst, Roberto de Inocencio, Norbert Apter, Manuela Maciel, Hubert Hermans, Unesco training project in Minsk, Jozef Hanggi Zentrum für Agogik in Basel, Arsaluys Kayir, and many colleagues in Belgium and the Netherlands.
C3:Workshop10.45-12.45  Empowering the soul: integrating Jungian psychodrama and dance therapy. “If the encounter with the Shadow is the ‘apprentice-piece’ in the individual’s development, then that with the Anima is the ‘master-piece’” CG Jung.Jungian psychodrama is an analytically oriented group therapy, articulated in reference to the psychodramatic epistemology of JL Moreno and to CG Jung’s approach to dreams, the archetypes and the collective unconsciousness. It leads to an encounter with the multiple facets of our personalities and dwells on the tendency towards individuation. The ritualistic framework of Jungian psychodrama is protective and creates a safe space to explore dreams and to investigate our inner world. Transformative rituals and rites of encounter with the Anima will be presented. Dance as a means of authentic and symbolic expression emerges when the individual develops a deep, self-sensing awareness – an attitude of inner listening or mindfulness. Movement charged by an active imagination allows the unconscious to flow into a physical form. Dance therapy provides an opportunity to create a visual vocabulary, transforming inner mental thoughts from implicit to explicit. Protagonists in Jungian psychodrama are part of a mythical reality with universal meaning. Particular attention will be drawn to images which constitute a group emergence, containing prospectively visionary meanings for the whole group. After the final sharing, a reflection will enrich the enactments with mythopoetic amplifications and will strive to connect individual themes to the themes of the group’s co-unconscious. The narration is the group’s self-reflective memory, a narrative-based medicine that heals and weaves the threads of the plot between dreams and relationships. Leandra Perrotta is an Italian-Australian Clinical Psychologist, Psychodrama Trainer and Dance therapist. She is Co-president of FEPTO (the Federation of European Psychodrama Training Organisations) and a Contract Professor at the University of Valle D’Aosta. Leandra’s main research interests are dreams, trans-generational transmission and bodywork. She also has a degree in English and French literature. 
C4:Workshop10.45-12.45  Psychoanalysis and Psychodrama: An Inter-dynamic Relationship.  This presentation is based on the relationship between Psychodrama and Object Relations Theory (Chapter by T.Brown, 2013). Both R.W. Fairbairn ( Object Relations) and JL Moreno (Psychodrama) believed that, as human beings, we are relationally driven. Both methodologies are widely utilised as individual and group psychotherapies. Psychodrama enables the protagonist to place their introjected relationships (objects) outside of themselves, onto the stage and enact them. Object Relations provides a particular framework in which to explore, understand and re-evaluate perceptions within these relationships as does psychodrama. In this workshop, I will draw on 30 years of thinking and practice. Central to our work as psychotherapists, it is important to provide an enabling environment, boundaried and thoughtful, in which the individual can explore his or her own world in relation to the Self, the Other, and the outside world. This process can be developed by the therapist and the client, together, to gain the capacity to ‘think about’ the Other in a unique and different way. Informed by Moreno, Fairbairn, Bion, Winnicott, Bustos, P. Holmes, Alvarez and others, I encourage supervisees, therapists and patients to expand their interpersonal role repertoire by reversing roles, using the mirror technique (Moreno) and by looking at the relationship between one’s self and the other, thereby increasing the potential to change perception. Moreno’s concept of Tele reveals a synchronicity between the two, both alike and different. This entire process allows for a three-dimensional experience of the inner world placed outside, like a sculpture rather than a painting. Teresa Brown is a member of the United Kingdom Council of Psychotherapists. She is a psychodramatist, trainer and supervisor with over 30 years of experience. Her first training was as an Occupational Therapist; as such, she began work at the Group Psychotherapy Unit in Glasgow. She had psychoanalytic supervision, which began her next thread of training in psychoanalysis. She received her diploma in Advanced Clinical Psychodrama at the Holwell International Centre for Psychodrama and Sociodrama, UK. Teresa was the first qualified psychodrama psychotherapist in Scotland. She currently serves the BPA as Chair of Training Organisations Accrediting Sub-Committee (TOAS ), as well as holding the role of External Examiner. She was Course Director for the Human Relations and Counselling course at the Scottish Institute of Human Relations ( Human Development Scotland ) and is currently a member. She lectures in psychodrama at the Centre for Open Studies, University of Glasgow. Her life’s work has been in the field of  mental health, both National Health Service (NHS) and privately. Currently she provides supervision, therapy and training for art therapists, dramatherapists, psychodramatists, counsellors and others in the community. She is an artist and holds a BA Hons in Fine Art Drawing and Painting from the Glasgow School of Art.  Teresa has an independent practice in Glasgow.
C5:Workshop10.45-12.45    Mentalization and the DoubleWorkshop participants will be given an opportunity to explore through theoretical discussion, extensive clinical examples and practical demonstration how the psychodrama technique of the double helps people to mentalise.In addition to the use of the classical double as originally developed by Moreno, the workshop leaders will also discuss and demonstrate more recent developments from the Therapeutic Spiral, developed by Kate Hudgins and from Psychodramatic  Bodywork ® developed by Susan Aaron.The double technique in psychodrama is linked to the largely unconscious intuitive communication between mother and baby in the first months of life. We believe that it is this early link that enables skilful doubling to allow highly traumatised individuals to begin to develop trust, to learn to mentalise and therefore be able to engage in a explorative psychotherapeutic process.Run by Peter Haworth and Jinnie Jefferies, who are both registered as Senior Trainers of Psychodrama with the BPA and have between them more than sixty? years of psychodrama psychotherapy practice, working  in therapeutic prison and NHS settings, working with clients who have being diagnosed with a range of personality disorders, particularly anti-social and borderline. Peter Haworth has worked using psychodrama in several hospitals, day centres and therapeutic communities in Oxfordshire and Milton Keynes. Until his retirement in 2008, he was employed in Oxfordshire as a Consultant Psychodrama Psychotherapist, the first such post in the UK. Since retirement Peter was employed for one year in helping to set up a new day therapeutic community in Milton Keynes. He remains on the Therapeutic Community Expert Panel, of the Community Of Communities, a UK national TC peer accreditation body based within The Royal College of Psychiatrists.Jinnie Jefferies  has pioneered training in Greece, Ireland and London and has written and lectured widely on Psychodrama. Over the past decade she has made television programmes for the BBC and Channel 4 using psychodrama and action methods. She is head of Psychodrama at HMP Grendon, a therapeutic prison treating dangerous offenders and was given the Terry Waite major award for “outstanding work with long term prisoners”. She trains all staff working In forensic therapeutic community prisons and is the founder of the London Centre for Psychodrama Group and Individual Psychotherapy.    
C6:Workshop10.45-12.45  Colour Play and Occupational Therapy. Colour Play is an emerging technique, currently being piloted with adults in private occupational therapy practice in the UK. Developing from an assumption that individuals, and the group, have a response to colour, both conscious and unconscious, this response is invited into consciousness and utilised to harmonious effect. Occupational therapists are skilled at assessment and collaborative intervention to enable a client’s preferred occupation to actualise. For example, preferred occupations can range from ability to organise a travel itinerary, manage a team, or communicate effectively in relationship. In clinical practice, preferred occupations can include ability to re-establish daily structure following trauma, or improve self-esteem and maintain daily activities while processing physical or emotional pain. The workshop will be explored within the Kawa model, a culturally relevant model of practice within occupational therapy which ‘uses a familiar metaphor of nature as an effective medium to translate subjective views of self, life, well-being and the meaning of occupations’ (Iwama 2006). Through a selection of Colour Play exercises, delegates will experience personal response to colour and make connections with how this influences their preferred occupations. You will experience yourself as a truly colourful being! This workshop is suitable for both new and experienced therapists to play with colour, and invite colour consciousness into being. Vanessa Volpe (BSc Hons in Occupational Therapy) is an independent therapist and educator specialising in colour awareness with ‘well’ adults and with people experiencing mental health issues and stressful events. Colour Play is developing reflexively with Constellation, Psychodrama, Dynamic Theatre and other CPD activities. Her supervisory approach has been described as ‘exemplary’. As an invited speaker, Vanessa shared her visionary style with therapy graduates at the 2013 University of Northampton Student Occupational Therapy Conference: Graduate Employability, on the plenary panel. She works in private practice and primary care, and is currently studying colour within the context of an MSc in Advanced Occupational Therapy at the University of Northampton. In 2013 she was the invited Chair and Presenter of a Colour and Well-being Session at the 12th International AIC Colour Congress in Newcastle, UK. In 2012 she co-authored  ‘Colour for well-being: Exploring adult learners’ responses to utilising colour as a therapeutic tool’ published in the Journal of Arts & Health (with JH Parkes). She is a committee member, conference secretary and presenter at the Colour my Well-being International Conference, University of Northampton, and was an invited presenter at the Being the Change conference in 2011. 
C7:Workshop10.45-12.45  Symbolic Jungian Psychodrama with fairy tales – Transformation and desires in our life project. Through a symbolic journey, following a pathway with the archetypal characters of Twelve Fairy Tales, we can make contact in an experiential way with the wishes and essential tasks of our life time. This workshop will give an overview of new options that can be opened with the Twelve Stories to permit ourselves to channel our energies more smoothly. We will survey the wide horizon that each one of these characters offers – their companions, their opponents, their script – to discover the opportunities and challenges faced by every human being in his or her evolutionary process, and to loosen knots that bind us to scenes or legacies of the past. Irene Henche Zabala is a Clinical and Educational Psychologist, a Psychotherapist and Psychodramatist, and a Clinical Professor Supervisor accredited by the FEAP. She works as a Psychologist in an Educational and Psychopedagogical Team for the city of Madrid, specialising in families, groups, children and adolescents. She is a member of the AEP and of the IAGP, and Founder and Principal of the Symbolic Psychodrama School of Madrid. She is the author of ‘Symbolic Psychodrama’ and ‘Symbolic Method’, as well as diverse publications on this topic. 
C9:Workshop10.45-12.45  Can I live my life with grace until the end? Empowering the practice of life is influenced by our relationship with death, as many philosophers tell us. This workshop will offer a space to both consider and reconsider and then to conceptualise what we need to attend to. This may not be the same as what we want to attend to, in order to live gracefully. Both the rhythm and the dance of life are a delicate balance between consideration and action. The workshop will aim to empower participants through the important recognition of the birth and death processes and the feelings evoked in our passage through it. Many people have not had the luxury of this curiosity about how they live on this earth, so, for them, this may be a celebration. Dr Olivia Lousada is a BPA and UKCP Senior Trainer. She has worked in a psychiatric hospital for 30 years and also has a private practice. She is a founding member of the London Psychodrama  Network (LPN) and an honorary consultant to the Twins and Multiple Births Association (TAMBA). Her doctorate culminated in a book ‘Hidden Twins’  Following this academic endeavour, she has recommitted herself to the intelligence of creativity that is routed in knowledge in the body. 
C10:Workshop10.45-12.45  The myth of Siddharta Gautama: How can we react to pain and suffering? “There is no other objective for any truly therapeutic method than the whole of mankind” (JL Moreno).Rather than escaping (acting-out), we are going to look at both sides of our human condition and its meaning for our lives. This includes facing the shadow: the violence, pain and suffering both inside and outside us. In this way, we will try to be true to the world we have inherited, and consider the inheritance we will leave to our children and to all living beings. In this special mytho-sociodramatic format, combining the psychodramatic and the Jungian approach, we will use the model of the quest of the Buddha, Siddhartha Gauthama, to co-construct our own journey. We enable ourselves to challenge our answers to death, destruction and pain and our way to be in this world. Rumi, a Sufi mystic, tells us that love will say:  “When there is no way there is a way – come and travel with me.” He also tells us: “When we are dead, seek not our tomb in the earth, but find it in the hearts of men.” So what will be our place in the heart of men? How can we create resilience and growth out of the pain and the conflicts we are unable to stop? Dr Jorge Burmeister is a Psychiatrist and Psychotherapist in Switzerland and Spain, with training in Group Analysis, Hypnotherapy and Jungian Analysis. From 1997 to 2005 he was Vice Director at Klinik Littenheid, Switzerland, a psychiatric hospital specialising in psychotherapy. Since 2005 he has been in private consultancy. He was a founding member of FEPTO, and is immediate past president  of the IAGP. He is Co-Director of the International Training Centre ‘Jacob and Zerka T Moreno’ in Granada, Spain; co-organiser of the International Summer Academy on trans-cultural groups in Granada; and Supervisor and Trainer in CBT and Psychodrama.
C11:Workshop10.45-12.45  Befriending our Defences: Emotional Intelligence in Action – a sociometry workshop. Our defences, the shadow side of our strengths, kick in when we are under undue stress. Out of touch with ourselves and with those around us, we react in familiar ways which do not serve us well.We will explore four familiar defences in action, recognising them in ourselves and in those who are the most challenging inter-actors for us. Role theory will come alive in action as we discover how we are imprisoned in old certainties that are untrue and that limit our role repertoire. In the light of our strengths we find the courage for authenticity. This model is clear, practical and empowering, useful in both individual and group work. It has proved particularly enlightening for agency staff in their work together and with challenging clients. Where the personal meets the professional, understanding our defences offers spontaneity and new life. Elizabeth White, MEd, TEP, is a Canadian psychodramatist, a founding trainer of two centres in Canada, and adjunct trainer in the UK, US, Switzerland, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Turkey and Israel. She is the author of two books, ‘The Action Manual’  and ‘Still Life’. She has been the recipient of the ASGPP JL Moreno award for Lifetime Achievement, and is still working on her defensive self. 
C12:Workshop10.45-12.45  Resistance in Psychodrama‘Resistance is a function of spontaneity: it is due to a decrease or loss of it’ – JL MorenoIs the protagonist resisting? or is the group, or the leader? Why do we call a certain behaviour resistance? Maybe the concept of resistance derives from our misleading expectations of how quickly psychodrama participants should open up, be spontaneous, and solve their conflicts … and if there is resistance in psychodrama, how do we approach it? In this workshop, we will deal with these issues. Daphna Ben Amitai from Israel has been a psychodrama therapist since 1993. She is a certified psychodrama therapist and a supervisor. She lectures at Haifa University, runs a clinic of psychodrama groups, and has a private practice. 
C13:Workshop10.45-12.45  Mentalization Techniques. This workshop will look at the use of Mentalization Techniques to help individuals manage situations of high emotion. Such situations can occur in crisis circumstances and are often precipitated by individuals with personality difficulties. These situations can also occur in more formal ways when represented in Psychodrama. This workshop will explore therapist responses that can best support thinking and the containment of dysregulated feelings. Duncan McLean is a Consultant Psychiatrist in Psychotherapy and an Adult and Child Psychoanalyst. His special interest is in personality disorder. He runs a day unit for adults with personality disorder that uses mentalization as an overarching framework for treatment using various approaches including psychodrama. He is also interested in personality disorder and its impact on parenting: in relation to this he runs a court assessment service for families, as well as a day unit for parents and their under-five children.
C15:Master-class10.45-12.45   Bowlby’s Attachment Theory and Psychodrama In this presentation (illustrated with PowerPoint) Mario Marrone will explain how an understanding of attachment theory (from Bowlby’s original contribution to recent developments) may offer solid grounds to affirm psychodramatic theory and technique. Dr. Mario Marrone is an Italo-Argentinian psychiatrist who has also trained in psychoanalysis, group analysis, family therapy and psychodrama. He has worked integrating group-analytic and psychodramatic techniques in various clinical and academic settings. He studied attachment theory with John Bowlby at the Tavistock Clinic (London) and has become an internationally known expert in the subject. He has published several books on attachment theory in English, Korean, Italian and Spanish, the last one is the second edition of Attachment and Interaction (London, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, London, 2014). He has a private practice in London and regularly does teaching and clinical work in Spain. He is also the Chairman of the International Attachment Network.

12.45-14.00 Lunch

D1:Workshop14.15-16.15 The Embodiment of Memory: Integrating Psychodrama with Contemporary Attachment Theory. This experiential workshop will introduce participants to contemporary attachment theory, and how the Adult Attachment Interview is used to focus on key life episodes and the client’s ideas about those episodes. Such attachment-based interviewing can be used to help target psychodramamatic work at the client’s most crucial issues and problems. In addition, we will explore how psychodrama and action methods can aid multi-sensory and spatial recall of memories held in the body, in order to promote the re-integration of forbidden affect and censored parts of one’s life story. Participants will have the opportunity to respond in pairs and small groups to several questions from the Adult Attachment Interview. These questions mainly relate to early life relationships and the sense we make of them. After a brief introduction to memory systems and Crittenden’s Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment, there will be time for one or more short psychodramas that emerge. Please come prepared to participate. Relevant to all levels of experience. Handouts will include excerpts from Clark Baim’s new chapter on the integration of attachment theory and psychodrama, in Empowering Practice: Integrating Psychodrama and other Therapies (2014).  Susie Taylor (UKCP-registered psychodrama psychotherapist), co-course leader, is registered with the British Psychodrama Association (BPA) as a Senior Trainer and was the co-founder of the Oxford Psychodrama Group. She has also run psychodrama training groups internationally in Greece, Finland, Montenegro, Macedonia, Serbia, Croatia, Albania and Taiwan, and has an ongoing commitment to psychodrama training in Croatia. Susie originally trained as an Occupational Therapist and worked in mental health settings from 1975-84. Since qualifying as a psychodramatist in 1983, she has been in continuous practice as a therapist in clinical groups, individual work and supervision. Her clinical work includes working with offenders in Grendon prison; Roman Catholic Brothers, Priests and Sisters; alcoholics; victims of abuse; and people diagnosed with personality disorders. Susie is a co-founder of the BPA and serves on the Accreditation Committee. In 2003 she received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the BPA. Clark Baim (UKCP-registered psychodrama psychotherapist), MEd, co-course leader, is a BPA-registered Senior Trainer. Since 1987, Clark has facilitated groups and provided supervision and training for criminal justice, social work and mental health practitioners across the UK and Ireland. He has also led workshops and training events in Sweden, Greece, South Africa, Australia, Latvia, Croatia, Belgium, Romania and the USA. A native of Chicago, Clark settled in the UK in the 1980s, where he established and served as the first Director of Geese Theatre UK, a company specialising in rehabilitative drama with offenders. Clark currently serves on the Accreditation Committee of the BPA. In 2008 he received the David Kipper Scholars Award from the American Society for Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama for his work co-editing ‘Psychodrama: Advances in Theory and Practice’, published by Routledge. He is the co-author of ‘Attachment-based Practice with Adults’, and is the author of ‘Mindful Co-working’.
D2Workshop14.15-16.15 Jungian group analytic psychodrama on dreams. Jungian psychodrama is a theory of psychodramatic method, articulated in a complex model of conduction and observation. It derives from Jung’s analytical theory on dreams, from his concepts of the personal and collective unconscious, of archetypal images and individuation, as well as from SH Foulkes’ concepts of the net and the personal and basic matrix. The conductor will provide a brief explanation of the theory behind Jungian Psychodrama, followed by an experiential workshop. The conductor will demonstrate how to play dreams belonging to different categories: symbolic dreams, vision dreams, nightmares, oracle dreams, recurring dreams and social dreams. The conductor will also present new warming-up techniques – suitable for transcultural as well as organisational work – integrating Moreno’s sociometry and Jungian active imagination exercises. He will demonstrate the dream incubation technique and the utilisation of opening and closing rituals. Two or three dreams will be played according to the Jungian model in which different protagonists enact the scene. After the final sharing, there will be an observation which will communicate the sense of the dreams that were played, using a narrative style. It will enrich the scenes with mythopoeic amplifications and connect individual themes to the group’s collective unconsciousness and to transcultural themes. Maurizio Gasseau is professor of ‘Theory and Techniques of Group Dynamics’ and ‘Psychodynamics of Dreams’ at the University of Valle d’Aosta (Italy). He is a past Chair of the IAGP Psychodrama Section; co-founder of Jungian Psychodrama method and theory in 1980; director of COIRAG Institute of Group Psychotherapy 1994 to 2004; President of the Mediterranean Association of Psychodrama; Vice President of the Federation of European Psychodrama Training Organisation (FEPTO) 2000 to 2006; and is Co-chair of FEPTO Task Force for Peace and Conflict Resolution. He is a Jungian analyst, certificated psychotherapist and psychodramatist in Italy as well as leader of training groups all over the world. His main interests are researching dreams in psychodrama, working on transgenerational topics, Jungian psychodrama and the psychodramatic social dreaming matrix. He is the author of more of eighty publications including two books: ‘Lo psicodramma junghiano’ co-edited with Giulio Gasca and ‘Il sogno: Dalla psicologia analitica allo psicodramma junghiano’ co-edited with Riccardo Bernardini.  
D4:Workshop14.15-16.15 Psychodrama – enhancing mentalization in action. To be able to see oneself from the outside, and other people from the inside, is the art of Mentalization. It is also a skill that we all work to refine during our lives, from birth to old age. Psychodrama has many tools to help with this process, such as role reversal and different kinds of mirroring. This is an experiential workshop where we will look at some ways in which the concept of Mentalization can make Psychodrama a better tool for change. Eva-Karin Ström, TEP, is a Senior Psychiatrist, a Director of Psychodrama, and a registered Psychotherapist. She works in an outpatient clinic in Stockholm, Sweden, where she is running an eighteen-month MBT programme for borderline patients as well as working with general clinical psychodrama groups. 
D5:Workshop14.15-16.15 The psychodramatic stage as an aid to reflective function: loosening the illusion of a fixed reality. In this workshop, Anna Chesner and Anna Napier will draw on their experience of running psychodrama groups within a mentalization-based service for people with personality disorders. They will present some practical principles and tools for adapting classical psychodrama for work with this challenging client group. Anna Chesner is co-director of the London Centre for Psychodrama Group and Individual Psychotherapy. She trained in psychodrama and group analytic psychotherapy. She runs a private practice in London and is involved in consultation and training in Europe and Asia. She is widely published in the field of action methods and supervision. Anna Napier is a psychodrama psychotherapist and occupational therapist at a Mentalization Based Therapy Day Service in London. She originally trained in Drama and Theatre Arts at Goldsmiths College, London, and worked in theatre before re-training as an OT and psychodrama psychotherapist.
D6:Workshop14.15-16.15  Dynamic Theatre: Healing Self and Community through the Incognito Auxiliary. In many non-western cultures, the health and wellbeing of the community is considered to be the responsibility of each individual. If one person is sick the whole community becomes unbalanced. In restoring harmony and wholeness to tribal life, everyone gathers for the healing of one person, with the belief that they too will be healed. With this belief system. it is impossible for anyone to feel separated or not belonging. Could the reason we see so much unrest in our communities be that we have literally lost our sense of belonging? Dynamic Theatre uses an eclectic mix of Psychodrama, Ritual Theatre and Shamanism. By bringing to life personal and social stories in this exciting blend, we step outside the everyday self and into the realm of possibility to belong. How to belong is addressed in  the healing state of Dionysian ecstasy creating magic and sacred alchemy. It is no ordinary drama: for all roles are played as the ‘incognito auxiliary’, enabling the invisible to become visible, the ‘I’ to become ‘we’ ‘us’ and ‘it’, and the microcosm to become the macrocosm. The shamanistic belief is that there is no ‘out there’. It is a projection of our own unknown face. In sharing comunally , we collectively and comfortably hold the responsibility to create health, balance and wellbeing for ourselves and for our community. Mark Wentworth and Filipe De Moura created Dynamic Theatre (DT) in Portugal in 2003. It is an action-method of spontaneous representation, incorporating the ancient wisdom of drama and storytelling as well as the inspirational work of JL Moreno and the collective and visionary worlds of CG Jung. It is their unique work with the now sometimes called ‘Incognito Auxiliary’ that has inspired psychodramatists internationally to introduce this Dynamic Theatre method as part of their work. Filipe and Mark are also the founders of the Dynamic Heart Project, a not-for-profit association taking Dynamic Theatre and other expressive arts to Bangladesh and Nepal to help bring hope and rebuild lives after disaster and war. Mark has been studying and working with colour therapy and personal development for 26 years. He is the founder and principal of Colour for Life, a training school for Colour Psycho-Dynamics, a course uniting the world of colour with transpersonal and visionary psychology. Mark also pioneered workshops in the late 1990s uniting colour with expressive arts and psychodrama techniques, giving colour, for the first time, not only a voice but also story and action.  Filipe joined Colour for Life in 2003; he has a Degree in Marketing Management, enabling him to see the best not only in businesses but also in people. From an early age Filipe has been part of several youth groups such as the Scouts movement and the international Focolare movement, which gave him experience in coordinating people and resources. In 2010 Filipe completed a Bachelor of Classical Singing (BMus) degree from The Guildhall School of Music and Drama, enriching his expressive and performance abilities. It is his diverse experience from different fields that gives Filipe the ability to encourage and inspire people to develop their capabilities.
D7:Workshop14.15-16.15 Unpacking the knapsack of invisible white privilege.‘I was taught to see racism only in individual acts of meanness, not in invisible systems conferring dominance on my group’ – Peggy McIntoshWhat are the professional, personal and political implications of being a white therapist in the UK?Action methods drawn from psychodrama and sociodrama can enable us to address different aspects of our experiencing – psychological, somatic, socio-political and cognitive. We can find new vantage points to explore our position, power and practice as therapists.  We will use this creative action to externalise key structural issues relating to ‘race’ (not a scientific category but a social reality), as well as to examine our own culturally conditioned beliefs, experiences and values. We also expect to explore ideas and experiences of entitlement, belonging and marginalisation and find ways of making the unseen more visible and available to work on. As practitioners using action methods to explore the undertow from our own socio-political positioning, we are empowered. Through externalising structures, relationships and interactions we can understand better the shadows we cast as white therapists. Both facilitators work from a person-centred approach. Margaret Bird is a UKCP-registered psychodrama psychotherapist and a counsellor. She primarily works with people who have experienced torture and other politicised violence and who have fled their home countries to seek sanctuary in the UK. She is also a groupworker, trainer and supervisor, and is based in North East England. Lynette Green is a UKCP-registered Psychodrama Psychotherapist and a BP-registered Supervisor and Trainer with the Northern School of Psychodrama. She has worked within the voluntary sector for more than 25 years, with young people at risk, women survivors of sexual violence and other marginalised groups. She is now working freelance in the North of England in number of organisational settings. 
D8:Workshop14.15-16.15 Yi Shu: Chinese Medicine, Psychodrama and Expressive Arts Therapy. This workshop bridges the therapeutic practices of Eastern and Western cultures by integrating art therapy, psychodrama, traditional Chinese medicine, meditation, and dance/movement. This unified approach releases energy blockages, encouraging participants to reach their highest creative potential. The traditional Chinese physicians view health from the perspective of yin (陰) and yang (陽) dialogical transformation. The visible, substantial, and tangible physical body is considered yang, whereas the invisible, insubstantial, and intangible energy body is construed as yin — neither can exist without the other. In the healing process, when the energy body is healed, the physical body is healed as well. In working with clients who have psychological difficulties, Yi Shu treats not only the emotions – the energy body, but also the behaviour – the physical body. Through the processes of psychodrama and various creative arts therapies, emotional states are made visible, observable, even tangible, and thus balance and harmony can be facilitated in intrapersonal and interpersonal relations.  Gong Shu PhD, ATR, TEP, LCSW, is a winner of the Hannah Weiner Award of the ASGPP, and the outstanding achievement award in Traditional Chinese Medicine. She is best known for her integrative work in Chinese medicine, Psychodrama, Gestalt therapy and various expressive arts therapy. Dr Gong has been presenting cross-cultural expressive arts therapy workshops for more than thirty years, in Asia, Australia, Africa, Europe, North and South America. She is the Director of the International Expressive Therapy Healing Research Center at Soochow University in the People’s Republic of China and an adjunct professor at that university. Wang ErDong is a PAT of the American Board of Examiners in Psychodrama, Sociometry and Group Psychotherapy. He is a national second-level psychological consultant, registered psychologist of the Chinese Psychological Society, psychological expert for the Shandong TV programme ‘Healing the Wounded Heart’, Secretary of the Youth League Committee in Soochow University, and Deputy Director of the Centre for Research on Mental Health Education for College Students of the People’s Republic of China.Chou Mei Ling is a registered psychologist and consultant director of E &P learning center in Singapore.   She obtained her PhD in psychology from the University of  Hong Kong in 1997. She has  been practicing psychodrama in her private practice and teaching training workshops for 13 years.  She is an associate professor at National Chi Nan University, Taichung, Taiwan.  She was a Vice President of the Association of Individual and Group Psychotherapy in Singapore.
D9:Workshop14.15-16.15 When Sociodrama Makes Room for Psychodrama: Using Them Together. Ideally, JL Moreno connects the individual’s identity with that of humanity by underscoring how the salvation of the single person cannot be gained without a simultaneous active focus on the “other”. However it is not always easy to experiment with the two processes at the same time. The workshop will concentrate didactically on the dual track through theoretical and active work. We will begin from a sociodramatic perspective, move on to create a psychodramatic space, and close by going back to a sociodramatic approach. This will develop understanding of how the two methodological forms may be integrated without risk of blending them. Most importantly, it focusses first on the encounter between the members of the group through social and collective roles (sociodrama), and only then on the psychodramatic roles which engage a protagonist in his or her process of encounter with the ghosts of the inner world (psychodrama). This will highlight the distinction between the two moments, leading to appreciation of the differences between the linguistic register and aims of sociodrama and psychodrama. Greco Marco is a Bachelor of Theology (University of Torino, 1985), holds a degree in Clinical Psychology (University of Padova, 1991), and has trained as a director of Morenian Psychodrama (Dr Giovanni Boria’s Institute of Milano, 1996). He has been an individual and group psychotherapist (Morenian Psychodrama) since 1999 as well as a sociodramatist. From 1987 to 1999 he was the director of ‘Progetto Uomo’, a therapeutic community in Torino using the methodology of the Daytop Village in the USA, and he has also been a trainer and supervisor at a number of institutions, associations and cooperatives. He is head of the Psychodrama Institute of Torino (FEPTO-approved Psychotherapy School of Morenian Psychodrama methodology). He is an honorary member of the ‘Humus’ Playback Association; a member of the Research Committee of FEPTO; and a life member of IAGP.
D10:Workshop14.15-16.15 The Relationship between Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication. This workshop will begin by raising some issues for reflection, concerning the role of language in Psychotherapy. Ways in which language can be used or misused will be considered within the context of both Psychodrama and Group Analytic practice. This will be followed by a group session in which participants may explore the resonance of this theme at a personal level.  Mary Levens originally trained as an Occupational Therapist, going on to train and work as an Art therapist and later a Psychodrama Psychotherapist. Mary has had a long standing academic interest in the relationship between the creative therapies and psychoanalytic thinking, and has published extensively in this area, including her book ‘Eating Disorders and Magical Control of the Body’ (1995). She went on to train as a Group Analyst and currently facilitates a number of groups for psychotherapists in training. She also has a private supervision practice in North London.
D11:Workshop14.15-16.15 The 12 Step Psychodrama Model. Is a framework for integrating psychodramatic techniques with the 12 Step process of recovery. It allows the steps to come to life.The model has taken the 12 Steps of Recovery and created warm-ups and action structures for facilitating a psychodramatic process that enhances recovery. Many addicts, once they have let go of the substance or behaviours, face an inner world full of frozen feelings. They are ashamed of past behaviours and do not know how to live a sober life. The addict’s dysfunctional thinking gets in the way.Through the use of action, the recovering person creates a new framework for interpersonal interaction and tries out new behaviours. By activating spontaneity and creating, new roles develop to cope with difficult situations. It allows the recovering addict to examine his/her life, to learn to take the action necessary to create a new healthy way of living, and to repair damaged relationships. In this experiential and didactic workshop, participants will see how this task-oriented model, as developed by the presenter, can be used to enhance the addict’s programme of recovery. Louise Lipman, LCSW-R, CGP, TEP, is the Director of Psychodrama & Creative Arts Therapy, New York city, USA. She is a certified Trainer, Educator, Practitioner of Psychodrama, Sociometry and Group Psychotherapy in private practice in NYC, working with individuals, couples, families and groups, and offering a Psychodrama Training Program. She worked at the Psychodrama Training Institute, NYC for 16 years, and coordinated their training program for ten years. Louise teaches and trains psychodrama students throughout the United States, Canada, Europe, South America and the Middle East. She teaches a Literature Review and Exam Prep Course for Psychodrama certification. She integrates her background in theatre and the creative arts into her work. Louise is a Past President of the American Society of Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama, and is currently a member of the American Board of Examiners for Psychodrama, Sociometry & Group Psychotherapy in the US. She is a Certified Group Psychotherapist from the American Society of Group Psychotherapy.
D12Workshop14.15-16.15 The process of catharsis in psychodrama through the lens of psychoanalytic theory.  The concept of catharsis is an integral part of both the psychoanalytic and the psychodramatic practice and has received a lot of attention in the last decades. It constitutes a common ground in which two different approaches tend to converge. Using the description of a particular psychodrama ( a fantasy of a thorn that injured the leg of a proud horse ), an elaboration on the issue of catharsis will be attempted. We have all had moments when our attempts at expression have been humiliated and dismissed, leaving us to go “underground” with our feelings. The workshop will give participants an opportunity to enact vignettes and express their own moments of “stuck” cartharsis in times of trauma .The processing of traumatic childhood memories, in a safe environment, allows the protagonist to explore his emotions, and gradually alleviate the trauma-related distress, which may have burdened development. The outcome and the effects of catharsis will be discussed based on Freud’s idea of repetition compulsion, Kahn’s concept of cumulative trauma and Askew’s view on Catharsis. Takis Nikolaos has studied psychology in the university of Athens. He received a scholarship from the Greek state for his post-graduate studies in Clinical psychology. His PhD thesis is about resilience of immigrant adolescents in Greece. He has many publications and presentations in congresses focusing mainly in drug treatment, adaptation of immigrants in Greece and group therapy and psychodrama. He runs in placement since 2000 in the detoxification unit for adolescent drug users in Athenian Psychiatric Hospital. He is a full-time professor of Clinical Psychology in the American College of Greece (DEREE). He completed his training in Psychodrama in 2005, in the context of the Greek Psychodrama Society. He is certified as a trainer since 2010. He works in private practice since 2000 and he runs psychodrama self-awareness and psychotherapeutic groups since 2003. He founded the institute of Psychodrama “ENDOHORA” (mens inner world),  and runs training groups since 2010.      
D13:Workshop14.15-16.15  The structuring of the internal world in Childhood: From Freud to Fairbairn to Sutherland. The paper presented in this workshop aims to enable the reader or audience to comprehend the theories and ideals of Jock Sutherland, who relied on understandings developed from working with patients, and on theories developed from  clinical and life experiences of many authors, especially Freud, Fairbairn, and Winnicott. I will focus on the development of the child’s inner world, including stories from the world of Child and Family Psychiatry and Psychotherapy.  I could go on telling stories for weeks, especially from my observations of children in natural settings. However, I will be selective and introduce ideas from the Scottish Tradition, particularly Fairbairn and Sutherland and how they illuminate the inner world of childhood. It is clear that the main tasks for our development are how to relate to others, how to maintain  satisfactory relationships , and how to be alone and reasonably content. Like so many things in life, we have to deal with these things simultaneously. Most of us need to feel “special”, at the same time want to be “normal”– whatever that is. It is something that all kids long to be. And of course immediate impulses, we may call them instincts, have to be modified to fit in with our own particular family and culture. This paper was originally designed for the Korean Academy of Contemporary Psychoanalysis, a group involved in counselling. It was the first psychotherapy training there, and included other interested early-career academics. It was delivered in Seoul, South Korea, December 2003, and has been revised recently for Psychotherapy teaching. Dr Chris Holland qualified in Medicine in 1965, in Psychiatry in 1972, and in Psychoanalysis in 1981. With over forty years’ experience, Dr Holland’s primary practice has been in the area of Psychotherapy with children, families and adults, working in Edinburgh, in Watford and at The Tavistock Clinic. Chris has also worked with individuals who present with Autism and other learning difficulties. The Scottish psychoanalytical tradition, especially Fairbairn and Sutherland, follows the work of Freud, Klein and Winnicott, and Chris has also absorbed some understandings from the Jungian tradition. After 20 years analysing and training Psychotherapists in Scotland, Chris is now working in teaching and supervision at Exeter University. His publications include ‘Autism and Understanding’, written with Walter Solomon about a genius called Geoffrey Waldon. 
D14a: Paper Presentation14.15-16.15 Freud and Moreno: Divergence and similarity between the founders of two psychotherapeutic methods. While Moreno claims to have developed the antithesis to psychoanalysis, the way Freud describes essential factors of his approach reads like a demand for psychodrama – a method still unknown to him. This lecture presents statements by Freud and Moreno which, when seen together, challenge our awareness and are of interest to both psychodramatists and psychoanalysts.   Grete A Leutz, MD, was born and grew up on Lake Constance. On graduation from school in Germany she went to New York City and happened to end up as au pair in the home of Zerka and JL Moreno at Beacon, New York. She got acquainted with the application of psychodrama to the patients of Moreno’s psychiatric hospital, and translated his basic book on sociometry ‘Who Shall Survive?’ into German. Thereafter she studied medicine and worked as a locum general practitioner. Practising psychiatry for five years in a renowned Swiss psychiatric hospital, psychonalysis at the CG Jung Institute in Zürich, and frequent meetings with the Morenos in Europe and the United States led to her founding the Moreno Institute for Psychodrama, Sociometry, Group Psychotherapy at Überlingen, Lake Constance, in 1975. She directed it until 2010, which entailed training many groups in the German-speaking countries, in Scandinavian countries, and in Turkey and Russia. She regularly taught psychodrama at the universities of Hannover, Zürich and Innsbruck  and at big psychotherapeutic congresses over thirty years. She was a co-founder of IAGP and of FEPTO and is a Fellow of the IAGP (of which she was president 1986-89) and the ASGPP. She has published nearly one hundred articles and two books on psychodrama, with translations into French, Italian, Japanese and Russian), and received the JL Moreno Award for lifelong outstanding contributions in the field of psychodrama.
D14b:Paper Presentation14.15-16.15 From Self Contempt to Dignity – encouraging self awareness during Psychodrama, Psychoanalysis and other modalities by the use of SH Foulkes’ ‘roving eye’, J Keats’ ‘Negative Capability’ and J Lacan’s ‘Gaze’. This presentation starts with an explanation of Anamorphosis, a form of optics used to create an image of an object that appears in its correct proportions only by looking at it from an off-centre angle.  Jacques Lacan refers to the painter Durer’s woodcuts to illustrate how vision works to create flat two-dimensional images. Hans Holbein’s  famous painting of ‘The Ambassadors’ (1533) includes at the bottom centre the anamorphic perspective of a distorted skull which can be seen only by observing the painting from the left-hand side. The ambassadors on either side represent the scholars and the clergy, whether they are or are not divided. This inspired Lacan to develop the construct of the image in the Imaginary register, including a sense of self consciousness and self-image. SH Foulkes’ ‘roving eye’ certainly absorbed all angles of a group at work. John Keats is well known as one of England’s Romantic poets, and for his description of the application of Negative Capability as the art of enduring ambiguity, doubt and mystery ‘without any irritable reaching after fact and reason’. This realisation of Keats has led psychoanalysts to improve their technique especially during Transference, Countertransference, helping their analysands and themselves to overcome contempt and gain self dignity. Dr Sabar Rustomjee, MBBS, FRANZCP, DPM (Melbourne) is an Adjunct Senior Lecturer in the Department of Psychology and Psychiatry, Monash University, in Victoria, Australia, and a past Course Co-ordinator of the Masters in Group Analytic Studies. She is a Clinical Member of the Group Analytic Society International, and a member of the American Group Psychotherapy Association, the Victoria Association of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapists and the Australian Association of Group Psychotherapists, of which she is a Past President. She was a Founding Member of the International Organisation of Group Analytic Psychotherapy. 
D14c:PaperPresentation14.15-16.15  The Integration of Psychodrama within an Mentalization Based Therapy (MBT) treatment programme for patients with severe personality disorder. The authors of this paper discuss their experience of integrating a Psychodrama group within a Mentalization Based Treatment (MBT) outpatient psychiatric and psychotherapy service for patients with severe personality disorder. The four treatment vectors of mentalizing in Borderline Personality Disorder are outlined and the usefulness of a MBT-Psychodrama group in relation to these is explored.The paper presents case studies of clinical work undertaken within a dual modality group, including material based on treatment sessions. It describes how the non-mentalizing states of psychic equivalence and the pretend mode can be addressed using the Psychodramatic techniques of Doubling and Role Reversal.  Besides description of clinical material in patients with Borderline personality disorder, we also present  patients with predominantly narcissistic difficulties, for which the use of psychodrama within an MBT framework, has been particularly helpful.  Facilitation of epistemic trust  is also described.The core therapeutic stance in Psychodrama is similar to that in MBT. We describe how Psychodrama, as a method of treatment fitted within an MBT programme, helps to both identify and treat the mentalizing deficits. We describe how the patient’s experience is enriched by the dual approach to treatment delivery. David Harty is a Highly Specialist Practitioner in Psychotherapy at the Halliwick Centre in London. He previously worked at the Tower Hamlets Personality Disorder Service, where he co-facilitated a Psychodrama group for four years, and in a women’s therapeutic community at The Retreat York. He has an interest in group psychotherapy and working with narcissism. He trained as a Mental Health Nurse. Janine Turkie was initially a sociologist and an actress. She has worked in the NHS for over twenty years as a Senior Adult Psychodrama Psychotherapist with people with Borderline Personality Disorder and Eating Disorders. She is interested in the integration and tensions arising from the application of Psychodrama within the context of Mentalization Based Treatment in her work at Deancross, an NHS treatment programme. She has a private practice in North London

16.15-16.45: Coffee and Tea

Conference Large Group17.00-19.00 The large group can provide a much-needed space for people to make sense of their experience of the conference. It can be a place of learning about how culture develops and can be changed. As group members engage in sustained dialogue, sometimes empowered by action, they will notice that by speaking what is on their minds, they are altering the climate of the group and collective understanding alters. Noticing these shifts is crucial. Individuals then realise that they have the power to change a situation. Teresa von Sommaruga Howard & Kate Bradshaw TauvonThis large group will be co-conducted by Teresa von Sommaruga Howard, a group analyst who specialises in large groups, and Kate Bradshaw Tauvon, who is a group analyst and psychodramatist. We hope that by sharing this role a bridge between the group analytic and psychodrama approaches can be built. 
17.00-19.00 BPA AGM Chair: Kate Kirk                            BPA Members and Participant Observers
17.00-19.00 Posters / Discussion Groups: Open Session  

19.30-21.30 Dinner

22.00 Bar and Social