This conference celebrates and explores the complex and rewarding interaction between psychodrama and other schools of therapy. To this end members of the BPA have submitted workshops that make these links. The Conference Committee also invited senior professionals from other theoretical schools to present workshops and a master class in their particular area of expertise.
Attachment Theory and Psychodrama
Why do you think a knowledge of attachment is so critical to professionals?
The theory of attachment (developed by John Bowlby) and the closely associated concept of mentalisation, now provide perhaps the predominant psychological explanation of human personality development and the nature of relationships, a position previously held by psychoanalysis.
Attachment theory considers how an infant forges an interactive bond with a care-taker (usually the mother) who provides the child with a ‘secure base’ at times of physical risk or danger or emotional stress. Through this process the child finds safety but also forms an ‘inner working model of the world’ which is used in the formation of future relationships.
Patterns of attachment can either be ‘secure’ in which the individual has a basically trusting view of the world and the security that may be found in relationships or ‘insecure’ in which the child has developed strategies to cope with an unpredictable or relatively absent ‘secure base’. Whilst a significant proportion of the population fall into ‘insecure’ attachment types they function in the world.
Those with more insecure attachment types may have significant personality difficulties (or disorders) forming complex and dysfunctional relationships, problems that may cause them significant difficulties in society and have a very negative impact on their capacity as parents. Thus a knowledge of the attachment process is of significant importance for those working or living with people, be they mental health professionals, lawyers, teachers or parents.
Susie Taylor and Clark Baim (senior members of the British Psychodrama Association) offer the following workshop:
The Embodiment of Memory: Integrating Psychodrama with Contemporary Attachment Theory.
This experiential workshop will introduce participants to contemporary attachment theory, and how the Adult Attachment Interview is used to focus on key life episodes and the client’s ideas about those episodes. Such attachment-based interviewing can be used to help target psychodramamatic work at the client’s most crucial issues and problems. In addition, we will explore how psychodrama and action methods can aid multi-sensory and spatial recall of memories held in the body, in order to promote the re-integration of forbidden affect and censored parts of one’s life story. Participants will
have the opportunity to respond in pairs and small groups to several questions from the Adult Attachment Interview. These questions mainly relate to early life relationships and the sense we make of them. After a brief introduction to memory systems and Crittenden’s Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment, there will be time for one or more short psychodramas that emerge. Please come prepared to participate. Relevant to all levels of experience. Handouts will include excerpts from Clark Baim’s new chapter on the integration of attachment theory and psychodrama, in Empowering Practice: Integrating Psychodrama and other Therapies (2014).
Clark Baim’s book (written with Tony Morrison) Attachment-Based Practice with Adults:
Understanding strategies and promoting positive change was published by Pavilion Publishing in 2011
Dr. Mario Marrone is an Italo-Argentinian psychiatrist who has also trained in psychoanalysis, group analysis, family therapy and psychodrama. He has worked integrating groupanalytic and psychodramatic techniques in various clinical and academic settings. He studied attachment theory with John Bowlby at the Tavistock Clinic (London) and has become an internationally known expert in the subject. He offers the following Master Class: Bowlby’s Attachment Theory and Psychodrama
Mario Marrone in his Master Class will explain how an understanding of attachment theory (from Bowlby’s original contribution to recent developments) may offer solid grounds to affirm psychodramatic theory and technique.
The second edition of Mario Marrone’s book Attachment and Interaction was published by Jessica Kingsley in 2014.
Dr. Steve Farnfield is a Senior Lecture in Attachment Studies and convenor of the MSc in Attachment Studies at the University of Roehampton. The university website states:
This is a unique skills based Masters programme offering you training in validated procedures to assess attachment behaviour in children and adults as well as training in bio-physical measures such as EEG, cortisol and heart rate. The course is based on Dr Patricia Crittenden’s Dynamic Maturational Model (DMM) of attachment and will enable you to conduct and apply research based measures in a clinical, practice or research based context.
The programme is designed for broadly two groups of people:
• Health and social care professionals who wish to broaden their skills in assessing
attachment and /or want to develop their research.
• Graduates who are interested in a research career in the field of attachment studies
Steve offers the following Invited Workshop:
Attachment Theory and Therapeutic Interventions
Attachment theory and research has focused on dyads, particularly mothers and their infants, to the point that it can sometimes appear as mother blaming. At the same time attachment thinking underpins many, if not most, therapeutic interventions although the evidence that ‘attachment therapies’ actually help people become more securely attached is at best patchy.
This workshop sets out to do two things:
1. To get beyond the dyad by offering a brief review of attachment studies in the context of family systems.
2. To consider the effectiveness of current therapeutic approaches in changing child and adult attachment strategies and whether this is actually possible or even desirable. The workshop will use material from the Adult Attachment Interview, the Meaning of the Child to the Parent Interview together with video examples of parent-child interaction. Case vignettes will include scenarios from child maltreatment and adoption.
He is co-editor (with Paul Holmes) of the three volumes of the Routledge Handbook of Attachment published 2014.